Goodness (Gr. ἀγαθωσύνη, from ἀγαθός; Heb. חֶסֶד) is being honorable, a benefit to society and to God. It is the visible "fruit" of the Holy Spirit that enables one to effectively apply what they have learned to benefit others. This reflects the "loving-kindness" or "mercy" (Heb. חֶסֶד "chesed") of God.
Meaning and Usage
The Hebrew word חֶסֶד (chesed) is variously translated as "mercy", "kindness", "lovingkindness", "steadfast love" and "goodness". It is a noun derived from the verb חָסַד (chasad), which means "to be good, be kind". The Greek word ἀγαθωσύνη (agathusé) is a noun formed from the common adjective ἀγαθός (agathos), which means "good", "distinguished" and "honorable".
Goodness, though a synonym with Kindness, is often distinguished from it in the Old Testament (especially in poetry). The first time chesed is used in the Bible, it is spoken by Lot to the angels that had saved him. It is first used to refer to Yahweh when Abraham's servant prayed while searching for a bride for Isaac. Just as the servant trusted God, so Abraham's grandson Jacob would trust the covenant God made for Him at Bethel when he faced his brother Esau.