The Second Temple also known as Zerubbabel's Temple, was the reconstruction of the Temple concept to build a permanent house of worship for God. The Second Temple was built because the First Temple, built by Solomon, was completely destroyed during the Babylonian invasion of Jerusalem and Judah.
Under Persian rule of King Darius, the Jewish survivors began to return to their homeland of Judah. During this time Zerubbabel was appointed governor of Judah, which led him to undertaking the rebuilding of the Temple. Overall it took twenty-three years for the Second Temple to be built. with a seventeen year delay in its construction.